Species: officinalis ssp. Please make sure that you are posting in the form of a question. Flowering period extends from March through May and the seeds ripen from May to June. It is a member of the Boraginaceae, the borage family. Inspect the seeds after two weeks and remove as the seedlings appear, plant them in single small pots or trays and returning the ungerminated seeds to the fridge. Pulmonaria What kind of name is 'Lungwort' for such a handsome perennial? Pulmonaria, commonly known as Lungwort, are wonderful shade garden plants with stunning bi-color silver and green foliage. The 5-petal flowers are red or pink at first, later turn to blue-purple during the anthesis, by changing the pH value inside of the petals. Overview Information Lungwort is a plant. In hot humid climates, Pulmonaria will go dormant in midsummer, reappearing when the weather cools toward autumn. In autumn sow the seeds on the surface of seed compost, cover with grit and keep in a shaded cold-frame or cool glasshouse. Pulmonaria seeds need a period of cold to enable them to germinate. It is a perennial plant that grows well … This clumping, borage relative is a beauty in the perennial woodland garden. Plant Uses: Pulmonaria produce flower clusters on stems with small leaves that emerge in early spring prior to the more decorative mature foliage … Seed Catalogue No. They will tolerate full sun if the soil remains moist at all times. Pulmonaria officinalis seed, content: approx. English Name(s): Jerusalem Cowslip, Lungwort. Ideally they should be planted in moist, well drained, enriched soil, but they can adapt to slightly dry and average soil. After viewing product detail pages, look here to find an easy way to navigate back to pages you are interested in. Hardiness: Hardy. Your question might be answered by sellers, manufacturers, or customers who bought this product. It is a very tough plant, hardy and adaptable, even nightly spring frosts don’t seem to affect it. Pulmonaria officinalis is a British wildflower, although it is not often found in the wild, and is usually planted in a herbaceous border or cottage garden. Place the drop cloth down around the plants three or four weeks before the seeds ripen and collect them as they fall out of the flowers onto the drop cloth. It is in leaf all year, in flower from March to May, and the … Pulmonaria, commonly known as Lungwort, are wonderful shade garden plants with stunning bi-color silver and green foliage. Latin name: Pulmonaria officinalis Synonyms: Pulmonaria maculata Family: Boraginaceae (Borage Family) Medicinal use of Lungwort: Lungwort has a high mucilage content and this makes it useful in … Pulmonaria seeds need a period of cold to enable them to germinate. Most pulmonaria plants are hybrids, so growing from seed is not recommended. obscura. Formerly Pulmonaria obscura has been considered a variety or subspecies of P. officinalis and has the synonym of Pulmonaria officinalis ssp. helen johnston: May 20, 2008: please do you know where i can get some seeds for this plant, i have tried the seed merchants Ta Helen Pulmonaria seed is short-viable, probably why seed … Place the seeds between two pieces of damp filter paper or folded kitchen roll then put into a polythene bag and place this into the fridge at 4°C (39°F) which is the temperature that most fridges are set at. Although drought tolerant, pulmonaria plants grow best in slightly moist soils. Family Name: Boraginaceae. There was an error retrieving your Wish Lists. When Linnaeus invented the binomial system of nomenclature, he gave the specific name 'officinalis' to plants (and sometimes animals) with an established medicinal, culinary, or other use. Immaculata = Unspotted form of the species. Charming spring flowers appear above and in between wonderfully patterned foliage (some almost like polka-dots! Top subscription boxes – right to your door, © 1996-2020, Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates. Reviewed in the United States on May 16, 2019, Reviewed in the United States on November 6, 2019. As the seed nears the point of ripping it is very easily dislodged from the plant making it a rare find to collect ripe seeds from the old flowers. Lungwort (Pulmonaria officinalis) Liquid Extract 2x2 oz 4.2 out of 5 stars 7. … (Boraginaceae) in Suffolk’ The study of Pulmonaria obscura, published in 1996 by C. R. Birkinshaw and M. N. Sanford began when C. R. Birkinshaw was employed by the Nature Conservancy Council and based at Cambridge University Botanic Garden. These came in a timely manner and there were many seeds. If it does not die back, remove damaged or dead foliage to promote fresh spring growth. Burgate Wood is a site of special scientific interest but the other two sites have no legal protection although they are on the register of county wildlife sites. obscura. The leaves of this host plant are eaten by the caterpillars of the moth Ethmia pusiella. However, now, on the basis of the sterility of hybrids between the two taxa , its specific status is generally accepted. Lungwort P. ‘Blue Ensign’ is a clump forming deciduous perennial while the other varieties which we offer are forms of P. officinalis which is also known as the Jerusalem cowslip and spotted dog. obscura. Pulmonaria are a shade loving plant which prefer moist, well-drained soil, in shade or semishade and in these conditions Pulmonaria will thrive and the plants naturally multiply. Lungwort plants grow in clumps and reach a height of about 40 cm. Its newly opened flowers are light red, changing later to purple and finally virtually blue. Details: Plant description & care. If your soil remains wet, the foliage will deteriorate quickly and wet soil over winter may kill the plant. The diversity of the plant life in this landscape is a measure of how long such traditional features have existed. Pulmonaria obscura is included in the third edition of the British red data book for vascular plants and is classed as ‘Endangered’, Pulmonaria officinalis ‘Alba' = Spotted roundish leaves and white flowers. It goes by the wonderful name of ‘Un-Spotted Dog’. Pulmonaria officinalis seed, content: approx. A population of lungwort has been known at Burgate Wood in East Suffolk since 1842. Pulmonaria officinalis is an evergreen Perennial growing to 0.3 m (1ft) by 0.3 m (1ft in) at a fast rate. Pulmonaria officinalis is an evergreen Perennial growing to 0.3 m (1ft) by 0.3 m (1ft in) at a fast rate. Pulmonaria plants prefer light shade and a moist but well-drained site, where they establish quickly and make a superb spring show. Seed Collecting: You have no items in your shopping basket. If you divide the clumps every few years you will be able to maintain them in your garden by producing new young plants to replace expired ones. Pulmonaria are fairly short lived plants, living at most 10 years under ideal conditions. When in flower, foliage flaunts silver speckles. Pulmonaria are woodland hardy perennials.. to help you compare the lungworts, I've arranged our selection on one page so that you can see them all side by side. … Pulmonaria has been cultivated for centuries as a medicinal herb. The seeds can also be sown during warmer times of the year, but it would be necessary to artificially simulate winter using the following method of 'stratification': Perfect for semi shady spots, used as an underplanting or groundcover it is an excellent choice for the front of a shady border. 1055 real lungwort seeds . When dividing plants, don’t panic if the plants wilt soon after division, once established, lungwort need little extra care. Sow … However, plants of Pulmonaria obscura originating from Burgate Wood can be seen in Cambridge University Botanic Garden. Origin: 50 real lungwort seeds . Most pulmonaria plants are hybrids, so growing from seed is not recommended. Nomenclature: obscura. There is no public access to Burgate Wood, Stubbing's Wood or Gittin Wood and permission to enter must be obtained from the owners in order to visit. Skip to content Phone. The use of some kind of drop cloth, like a handkerchief or cheese cloth might be helpful in collecting seed as they are dislodged. Medicinal Uses: It is hardy to zone (UK) 4 and is not frost tender. Shade and Woodland Gardens, Rock gardens, Containers, Underplanting. Pulmonaria officinalis is diploid and has the chromosome number 2n = 14. Ideally they should be planted in moist, well drained, enriched soil, but they can adapt to slightly dry and average soil. Pulmonaria officinalis is a British wildflower, although it is not often found in the wild, and is usually planted in a herbaceous border or cottage garden. Plant your seedlings in partial to full shade in a humus rich, well-drained woodland soil type. One could assume that the more spots, the sun tolerant. PlantLinks to other web pages about Pulmonaria officinalis. Formerly Pulmonaria obscura has been considered a variety or subspecies of P. officinalis and has the synonym of Pulmonaria officinalis ssp. The word officinalis is derived from the Latin officina meaning a storeroom (of a monastery) for medicines and necessaries. Pulmonaria produce flower clusters on stems with small leaves that emerge … Cultivars and species are popular with gardeners, they are perfect perennials for a semi shady garden and are one of the first perennials to emerge and bloom in spring. They can be planted out in a pot to over winter or in a seedbed. The ground flora contains much Dog's Mercury (Mercurialis perennis) with frequent Primrose (Primula vulgaris), Enchanter's Nightshade (Circaea lutetiana), Sanicle (Sanicula europaea) and Water Avens (Geum rivale). By summer the flowering stem has withered away to nothing, but lungworts that are growing in sunny broad-leaved forests are easy to recognise too by their large, rough summer foliage. Burgate Wood, Stubbing's Wood and Gittin Wood are within 1 km of each other. In autumn sow the seeds on the surface of seed compost, cover with grit and keep in a shaded cold-frame or cool glasshouse. Amending your soil with compost or peat moss will improve the growth of Pulmonaria and improve moisture retention. Pulmonaria What kind of name is 'Lungwort' for such a handsome perennial? Add compost or peat humus to loosen soil if needed to keep soil light and airy, and don’t pack the soil in after planting. A number of uncommon species are present including Herb Paris (Paris quadrifolia), Yellow Archangel (Lamiastrum galeobdolon), Hairy Woodrush (Luzula pilosa) and the rare Lungwort (Pulmonaria obscura). This plant is known from just three small locations in adjacent ancient Suffolk woodlands. There was a problem completing your request. Pulmonaria is a member of the borage family, and considering its early flowering time is always able to attract an abundance of appreciative bees. Pulmonaria (Lungwort) officinalis 100 seeds. In proper conditions they can spread rapidly and can be divided in early spring or fall. Be careful not to confuse lungwort with lungmoss. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Richard A. Howard Photograph Collection . The seed is good sized, black, shiny and ripe in mid to late summer. Different Pulmonaria flower colours and leaf shapes are available, as are plants … Pulmonaria, common name Lungwort, is a semi-evergreen, early spring flowering hardy perennial. While it used to be used medicinally for lung ailments, today it's known mostly as a perennial flower that will bloom in the early spring before most other flowers. The flower takes its colour from an anthocyanin which acts like a litmus test paper and changes colour as the cell fluid becomes more alkaline as the cells age. In Finland it is also called our Lady’s Milk Drops because of the pale white spots on its leaves. I am not alone in recommending Pulmonaria officinalis and other Pulmonaria species as garden flowers: Lungwort was Plant of the Week in The Guardian in March 2017 and featured in The Telegraph in 2002. obscura and commonly known as Suffolk Lungwort it is classed as ‘Endangered’. However, now, on the basis of the sterility of hybrids between the two taxa , its specific status is generally accepted. 12" tall Pulmonaria 'Opal' = White flowers over silver blotched and spotted leaves.. Pulmonaria ‘Paul Aden' = Heavily spotted plants … Pulmonaria is a very early spring blooming plant with the unfortunate common name of lungwort. Introduction. ). It covers a total area of 18 square metres and has only 600 individual stands. Prime members enjoy FREE Delivery and exclusive access to music, movies, TV shows, original audio series, and Kindle books. It has also … Please try again. It is native to forested areas in Europe. The flower stems of Pulmonaria obscura rise above the foliage up to 30cm (12in) tall and produce clusters of downward nodding bells that are notched and flared. Before planting outdoors, gradually acclimatise to outdoor conditions for 10 to 15 days. They have been associated finds of pottery dated as Late Saxon to Medieval - 1001 AD to 1154 AD. A deep-green … There's a problem loading this menu right now. The wood contains a mysterious set of earthworks which are a Scheduled Ancient Monument No: 30571. Add compost or peat humus to … The RHS also offers advice on growing the plant. Pulmonaria (Lungwort) officinalis 100 seeds 1 out of 5 stars 1. Find answers in product info, Q&As, reviews. Pulmonaria, common name Lungwort, is a semi-evergreen, early spring flowering hardy perennial. It is one of the earliest spring flowers, flowering with tulips and wallflowers and its smaller relative, the Forget-me-not. Pulmonaria officinalis Var. Its distribution ranges from central Sweden and southern Finland to Central Europe. Foliage that may look poor in midsummer heat can be cut back to the ground, and fresh foliage will be produced for the cooler days of late summer and autumn. maculosa. Couldnt get a single plant started and there were no instructions with the seeds so i tried googling different ways to start them still nothing. Pulmonaria obscura, the Suffolk lungwort flowers early in the spring in lush woods, where it competes with hepatica and wood anemone. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, flies. Burgate Wood is a Site of Special Scientific Interest SSSI. Pulmonaria officinalis, commonly known as Jerusalem-sage, Jerusalem cowslip or blue lungwort, is a bristly, clumping, slowly spreading, rhizomatous, herbaceous perennial of the borage family. Plant family: Boraginaceae Country of origin: Central Europe Eastern Europe Plant height approx. How to Grow Pulmonaria Plants Guide to Growing Lungwort and Bethlehem Sage. Herb: Lungwort Latin name: Pulmonaria officinalis Synonyms: Pulmonaria maculata Family: Boraginaceae (Borage Family) Medicinal use of Lungwort: Lungwort has a high mucilage content and this makes it useful in the treatment of chest conditions, being of … JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. The species name obscura simply means obscure. Pulmonaria 'Excalibur': A clump former with silver leaves and long-lasting violet-blue flowers, this variety is mildew resistant. Pulmonaria officinalis is represented in commerce by several cultivars including Pulmonaria officinalis 'Alba', Pulmonaria 'Blue Mist', and Pulmonaria 'White Wings'. They are beautiful when combined with other shade lovers such as wild Primroses and Hosta. The leaves remain quite fresh throughout the growing season unless subjected to prolonged sun and heat. It literally means 'of or belonging in an officina', and that it was officially recognised as a medicinal herb. The Suffolk Woods: With acknowledgment to ‘Pulmonaria obscura Dumort. Consider these available items. Burgate still has its Medieval wood, complete with original bank and ditch, 'giant coppiced stools' and the earthworks of a lost moated manor. Pollination is granted by insects (entomophily) - mainly bees, bumblebees and butterflies - the spread of seeds over ants. They can be grown under large clumps of plants such as Day lilies and Peonies and look outstanding in large drifts mixed with ferns and Astilbe. Varieties of Lungwort . It is one of the earliest spring flowers, flowering … Divide congested plants in the spring in cooler areas or the autumn in warmer areas. As they eat it the ants transport the seeds to new growing places. They … (dusky, indistinct or uncertain.) Pulmonaria are one of those old fashioned garden perennials that seem to be once again gaining popularity. As a matter of fact the … Pulmonaria cultivars rival hellebores to be the first flowering perennials in the late winte… You must have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website. It usually prefers poorly drained, nutrient-rich, and mostly calcareous soils. It's a woodland plant and prefers either a shady location or at least a moist one. Plant your seedlings in partial to full shade in a humus rich, well-drained woodland soil type. Charming spring flowers appear above and in between wonderfully patterned foliage (some almost like polka-dots! The spots are created by air pockets in the foliage that cools the underside of the leaves. While many varieties have marked foliage from where they get the common name of ‘Spotted Dog’, one of the distinctions of Pulmonaria obscura is the lack of, or only faint markings on the foliage. Lungwort also called Pulmonaria officinalis is a bold plant that has been used since long time throughout the world for treating various lungs ailments.It is a perennial plant that grows well contrasting with other early seasonal plants like Iris, Ferns, Hellebores and Cristata. Considering its early flowering time, Pulmonaria attract an abundance of bees. Mass plantings are eye caching and individual plants will over a few years grow into large clumps. Pulmonaria prefer light to medium shade, sun exposure should be either dappled or morning sun, so under deciduous trees is ideal, but they will generally adapt to full sun in cooler regions as long as consistent moisture is provided, but shade in the hottest part of the day would be beneficial. The reason for the colour change is probably to do with pollination biology: only the freshest flowers have the nectar that the pollinators are interested in, but the older flowers add to the size of the inflorescence and make it look more impressive and thus play a part in attracting insects, even as they age. The upper surface of the leaves has tiny bumps and it is quite hairy. There are well over a dozen species of Pulmonaria, but only a few commonly cultivated for garden use. When seedlings have their first pair of true leaves and are large enough to handle, transplant into 7.5cm (3in) pots containing peaty compost to grow on. Synonyms Pulmonaria officinalis subsp. {{var product.name}} was added to your basket, {{var product.name}} was removed from your basket, Formerly Pulmonaria officinalis ssp. P. officinalis … Sow seed 2.5cm (1in) apart in trays or cells containing seed compost. They did take a while to arrive, but that was the shipping estimate. : 20 – 40 cm Flowering time: March April May Flower colour: Blue Pink Purple Violet Root system : 01963 210643 | … Overview Information Lungwort is a plant. The plant has been used since the Middle Ages to treat coughs and diseases of the chest, perhaps for its hard hairiness (expectorant effect). In Britain it is quite rare, but its presence has been confirmed for Suffolk. Pulmonaria obscura is known from just three small locations in adjacent ancient Suffolk woodlands. Plant them quite deep, so the top of the roots are 25mm (1in) below the soil level. Formerly known as Pulmonaria officinalis ssp. The genus name comes from the Latin pulmoa meaning lung and was first used by Leonhart Fuchs (1501-1566), a German physician and one of the three founding fathers of botany. Pulmonaria obscura is a rare species, more commonly found in parts of northern Europe, in the UK it is extremely rare. Ecologists have spent a long time pondering why some flowers change colours as they age. Pulmonaria Moonshine -- Bluestone Perennials A different Pulmonaria - leaves are more rounded and almost completely silvered when mature. Please try your search again later. Named for the organ that most resembles the foliage, pulmonaria is also known as lungwort. Pulmonaria obscura is sometimes grown in Finland as an ornamental, and in olden times it was used as a medicinal herb in the same fashion as its more southern relative, Pulmonaria officinalis. Following the Doctrine of Signatures, the ovate spotted leaves of some species were said to be representative of diseased lungs, so logically the plant must be for lung problems- or so it was thought in late medieval times. Plant family: Boraginaceae Country of origin: Central Europe Eastern Europe Plant height … Pulmonaria prefer light to medium shade, with dappled or morning sun, so under deciduous trees is ideal, but they will generally adapt to full sun in cooler regions as long as consistent moisture is provided. ; P. officinalis 'Sissinghurst White': This has long, speckled leaves with pale pink buds that open to pure white. Ships from and sold by Hazzard's Greenhouse . Seed is not easy to collect, each flower might produce seed but only one seed per flower. Free at Cambridge University Botanic Gardens. Burgate Wood in Suffolk is still thick with commons and greens, ancient lanes and woods, the elements of the pre-Enclosure landscape which have somehow survived in this part of the county. Family Boraginaceae Genus Pulmonaria can be herbaceous or semi-evergreen rhizomatous perennials with terminal clusters of funnel-shaped flowers … Sow the seeds on the surface of the compost, and place in a light position at a regular temperature of around 16°C (60°F) Germination should take place between 30 and 60 days at temperatures of around 15 to 18°C (60 to 65°F). In regions with mild winters the plant will often remain evergreen. To calculate the overall star rating and percentage breakdown by star, we don’t use a simple average. If you are happy to take on custodianship of these plants, it would be a good thing to collect seeds after flowering. After flowering, the stems lay on the ground, as new leaves are grown. Water until established. Its 75 acres are particularly good example of the type of oak-hornbeam woodland characteristic of this part of north Suffolk Plant them in a humus-rich, moisture retentive soil and in partial shade. Visitors to this page have left the following comments. I planted them and nothing came up. Position: Plants germinate in mid spring. Pulmonaria obscura grows in deciduous and coniferous mixed forests. It is hardy to zone (UK) 4 and is not frost tender. The parts that grow above the ground are used to make medicine. Proper conditions they can adapt to slightly dry and average soil to calculate the overall star rating and percentage by! Back to pages you are interested in pink buds that open to pure white are within 1 km each... Planted in moist, well drained, enriched soil, but its presence has been considered a variety subspecies. Will improve the growth of Pulmonaria officinalis is an evergreen perennial growing 0.3! Soil over winter or in a timely manner and there were many...., even nightly spring frosts don ’ t use a simple average autumn sow seeds... Seed flats under lights and I have 6 Lungwort sprouts so far to Late summer are deer-resistant range. 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