Different parts of the name mean […] The volcano is a part of the chain of volcanoes that stretch across Iceland, including volcanoes like Hekla, Katla and Grimsvotn. ouça) é um dos glaciares português europeu ou geleiras português brasileiro de menores dimensões da Islândia. You can find it in Hvolsvollur village. Eyjafjallajökull AFI:[ 'ei.jaˌfjatl.aˌjœ.kʏtl ] (eia-fiátla-iocutl) (? Hekla and mt. The ice cap covers an area of about 100 square kilometres (39 sq mi) and it has many outlet glaciers. window.mc4wp = { Just a quick tip, perhaps you should try this first alone, for even seasoned news reporters seemed to struggle with it. Then, fjalla which means mountains, and last jökull, which means glacier. The signature at Eyjafjallajökull is a concentrated circle without a river of lava, supporting the Icelandic Coast Guard’s observation that lava had not started to flow from the volcano. Iceland—the Land of Fire and Ice—boasts bubbling mud pools and frozen glaciers, and many of the most impressive natural attractions lie along the country’s southern shores. We fully recommend it, and don’t worry, it’s completely safe. A 500-meter- (2,000-foot) long fissure opened in the Fimmvörduháls pass to the west of the ice-covered summit of Eyjafjallajökull. Mount nyiragongo case study Ruth1618. Katla, which are both active and powerful volcanoes. The volcano has erupted relatively frequently since the last glacial period, most recently in 2010. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The eruption in Eyjafjallajökull continued until May 22, attracting world attention. on: function (event, callback) { Even more spectacular views await when you venture into the fabled valley of Þórsmörk (also known as Thórsmörk) on the other side. It is located 5 km (3.1 mi) off the island's southern Atlantic coast about 120 km southeast of Reykjavik, Iceland's capital city. Weird sounding volcano, Eyjafjallajökull is one of the most famous places in Iceland. ASTER observed the heat signature by recording thermal infrared radiation (energy) coming from the volcano. If you do stop there, make the hike to the top of Valahnukur, which is about 1.5 miles long. It is made up of basalt and andesite lavas. Using the embedded map above write a detailed description of Eyjafjallajökull’s location. It can be timed because the seismometers at Kirkjubæjarklausturmonitored … The volcano continued to have several earthquakes daily, with volcanologists watching the mountain closely. Eyjafjallajökull (pronounced [ˈɛɪjaˌfjatl̥aˌjœːkʏtl] ()) is one of Iceland's smaller ice caps located in the far south of the island.Situated to the north of Skógar and to the west of the larger ice cap Mýrdalsjökull, Eyjafjallajökull covers the caldera of a volcano 1,666 m (5,466 ft) high, which has erupted relatively frequently since the last ice age. There aren’t many non-Icelanders that can, but all the more respect to those who can, right? On March 20, 2010 Eyjafjallajokull began spewing molten lava in an uninhabited area in south Iceland, after being dormant for 180 years. Eyjafjallajokull and Katla, neighbouring volcanoes, are believed to be related. There are many words in Icelandic that sound strange and alien to native English speakers. You can also see a part of the ice cap is still covered in ash, though that is slowly disappearing under layers of snow. In 1967, there was a massive landslide on the Steinholtsjökull glacial tongue. Omissions? Sen alla on jäätikön mukaan nimetty Eyjafjallajökull-niminen tulivuori, joka on purkautunut vuosina 920, 1612, 1821–1823 ja 2010.. Jäätikkö kuuluu Islannin korkeimpiin; sen korkein huippu kohoaa 1 666 metriin. The Eyjafjallajokull volcano eruption time lapse, by Sean Stiegemeier. Its latest 2010 eruption paralysed the air traffic and, caused a lot of commotion for days. Situated in the south west of Iceland, Eyjafjallajokull is an 800,000 year old volcano with an almost unpronounceable name that was thrust into the limelight when it erupted in 2010… causing an ash cloud that grounded aviation in the northern hemisphere.It is reckoned to be the oldest active strato volcano on the island. It is one of the oldest stratovolcanoes Eyjafjallajökull is a stratovolcano. … Eyjafjallajökull volcano represents something bigger. Gos hófst svo á Fimmvörðuhálsi þann 20. On 16 January 1967 at 13:47:55 there was an explosion on the glacier. Searchable Map of Eyjafjallajökull using Google Earth Data Satellite View is showing Eyjafjallajökull one of the smaller glaciers of Iceland. Iceland’s Eyjafjallajökull Volcano burst into life for the first time in 190 years on March 20, 2010. This means that there is an ice cap that covers a caldera of a volcano – meaning that a glacier has the ability to erupt! The ash plume could be seen from miles away. Öll þessi gos hafa verið frekar lítil. Then, fjalla which means mountains, and last jökull, which means glacier. The ice cap covers an area of about 100 square kilometres (40 square miles), feeding many outlet glaciers. The sea gradually moved about 5km south. It’s probably become the world’s most famous volcano, after Mount Vesuvius in Italy. On March 20, 2010, Eyjafjallajökull volcano erupted for the first time since 1821. Mt etna - erutions and response eshuttleworth. The south end of the mountain was once part of the coastline of the Atlantic ocean. Driving along the South Shore brings you close to the volcano. You can try it for yourself, it isn’t so hard to pronounce if you just follow this simple guide. Eyjafjallajökull is a stratovolcano and it’s veins follow an East-West direction. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. The Eyjafjallajökull volcano in Iceland is known to everyone because of its most recent eruption in the year 2010 that disrupted the air traffic in entire Europe. Due to the glacier on top of Eyjafjallajokull eruptions are explosive and contain much ash. Eruptions of Eyjafjallajokull have usually been followed by eruptions of the volcanoe Katla, which is a far larger and more powerful volcano than Eyjafjallajokull. Eyjafjallajökull 2010 The 2010 eruptions of Eyjafjallajökull are a series of major volcanic events at Eyjafjallajökull in Iceland which caused significant disruption to air travel across western and northern Europe in 2010. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Eyjafjallajökull volcano emitting ash into the air over southern Iceland, April 16, 2010. window.mc4wp.listeners.push({ Eyjafjallajokull and neighbouring Myrdalsjokull dominate the landscape in South-Iceland and can be seen miles away. Eyjafjallajokull volcano, Icelandic volcano whose name is derived from an Icelandic phrase meaning ‘the island’s mountain glacier.’ Lying beneath Eyjafjallajökull (Eyjafjalla Glacier), its summit rises to 5,466 feet (1,666 meters) above sea level. As of August 2010, Eyjafjallajökull was dormant. We recommend that you make a stop at viewpoints and admire the volcanoes from afar. The sea level has retreated some 5 km, leaving behind sheer cliffs with and many waterfalls such as Skógafoss. Not far from Eyjafjallajokull volcano is a very nice museum dedicated to the volcanoes in Iceland, called Lava center. How to say Eyjafjallajökull in English? You can choose to see an approximation of tour prices in the below listed currencies. A large magma chamber under the mountain feeds Eyjafjallajokull. On this classic Iceland day tour for nature’s lovers, you will board a Super Jeep and head to Thorsmork Natural Reserve driving across the Icelandic south shore. Eyjafjallajokull is a volcano that is entirely covered by an ice cap. For travelers around the world, the eruption of the Icelandic volcano Eyjafjallajökull is a downer. })(); Iceland Travel 2020 © - All Rights Reserved - Skógarhlíð 12 - 105 Reykjavík, Iceland, Blue Lagoon Transfer with Comfort admission, Click for more information on Iceland Travel and COVID-19, Thorsmork Valley and Eyjafjallajokull Volcano Sight. Þegar gaus árið 1821 stóð gosið til ársins 1823. Yes, there are over 130 active volcanoes in Iceland, and you can see them and the effect they’ve had on the land almost everywhere. The main outlet glaciers are to the north: Gígjökull, flowing into Lónið, and Steinholtsjökull, flowing into Steinholtslón. The eruption also created electrical storms. Morgunblaðið remembers this famous eruption, which not only … Here are some facts about Eyjafjallajokull. Making a stop at Seljalandsfoss waterfall is almost mandatory and walk behind the waterfall. The whole neighborhood is immediately began to evacuate. Eyjafjallajokull consists of a volcano which is completely covered by an ice cap. At Eyjafjallajökull, guests can relax in the garden or on the terrace. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. if (!window.mc4wp) { The chamber derives magma from the tectonic divergence of the Mid-Atlantic ridge. 2010 eruption of Eyjafjallajökull revisited TonyCassidy. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/place/Eyjafjallajokull, Academia - Ice & Fire: The Volcanic Eruption of Eyjafjallajökull. The word is a compound of three different words. Continue towards the glaciers Eyjafjallajokull admiring the surrounding panorama. Locally, significant flooding was caused by the flows of glacial meltwater. Eyjafjallajökull is actually a glacier. The mountain itself stands 1,651 metres (5,417 ft) at its highest point. In the past, the UK has been affected by volcanic eruptions in Iceland, the most notable being the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull and 2011 Grímsvötn eruptions, which resulted in disruption of air traffic in the North Atlantic and Europe. The word is a compound of three different words. Sign up for our newsletter and receive special offers and deals (function() { At its highest point Eyjafjallajökull rises to 5,466 feet (1,666 metres) above sea level. In the summer the waterfall can be a bit crowded, just as Skogarfoss waterfall, since both are popular tourist attractions. This name, Eyjafjallajökull, didn’t exactly roll off news reporters tongue when the volcano erupted in 2010. Eyjafjallajökull (also known as Eyjafjöll) is located west of Katla volcano. It most recently erupted in 2010. The southern end of the volcano was once part of the Atlantic coastline. Most of Eyjafjallajökull’s historical eruptions have been known to be quite explosive as the volcano is fed by a magma chamber that rests under the mountain. callback: callback The name comes from the Icelandic language and consists of "ey" - island "fjäll - hora. At its highest point Eyjafjallajökull The Eyjafjallajökull eruption produced very little lava, but huge quantities of glass-rich ash which was ejected into the atmosphere. Eyjafjallajökull consists of a volcano completely covered by an ice cap. Eyjafjallajokull is a strato volcano. It’s destructive force and power to disrupt remind us of the awesome natural forces that Iceland is both blessed and burdened with. With Valérie Bonneton, Dany Boon, Denis Ménochet, Albert Delpy. Seljalandsfoss waterfall is 16 mi away. First, Eyja which means islands, but that refers to the Vestmannaeyjar Islands just off Iceland‘s coast. event : event, Thórsmörk – The back garden of Eyjafjallajökull. Mount pinatubo case study Ruth1618. Please note that we charge for tours in Euros (EUR). Eyjafjallajökull is one of the few stratovolcanoes found in Iceland. Several hiking trails are found in the vicinity and bikes can be rented on site. The Exhibition is at Þorvaldseyri visitor center, which is a family run exhibition about this massive and intersting volcano. Directed by Alexandre Coffre. Eyjafjallajokull is between the two, standing high not far from the village Hvolsvollur, where you can visit the beautiful Saga center. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Its unusual and difficult to pronounce name comes from the combination of various words with different meanings. On April 14th, 2010, after a brief intermission, the volcano resumed erupting from the top crater in the center of the glacier. Perhaps you would like to go on a snowmobile tour on the ice cap and see the crater, which also offers you a great view of southern part of Iceland. Eyjafjallajökull, English Eyjafjalla Glacier, glacier, southern Iceland. The ice cap of Eyjafjallajokull covers an … Pronunciation of Eyjafjallajökull with 5 audio pronunciations, 2 meanings, 5 translations, 1 sentence and more for Eyjafjallajökull. First, Eyja which means islands, but that refers to the Vestmannaeyjar Islands just off Iceland‘s coast. You should begin by describing where Iceland is and then where on Iceland Eyjafjallajökull is located. Eyjafjallajökull, lying in south-west of Iceland, is a volcano covered by an ice cap. Here are a few great tours we recommend where you can explore Eyjafjallajokull to the fullest: Explore the South Shore in a Super-jeep and get closer to the area of the magnificent 2010 Eyjafjallajokull eruption. listeners: [], So the compound itself means the Glacier on Island Mountains, which is rather transparent, don’t you think? Find out more here. Iceland eruption Mrs Coles. In the town of Hvolsvöllur, there is a visitor’s centre on the volcano, which focuses on the experience of one family whose farm, Þorvaldseyri, was one of the many destroyed by the floods, lava and ash. } Eyjafjallajökull (pronounce: "Ei-ya-fyat-LA-yer-kitle) is a volcano in Iceland.The name means "island-mountains glacier". It has a crater 3–4 kilometres (1.9–2.5 mi) in diameter that opens to the north. The former western extension of Mýrdalsjökull (Mýrdals Glacier), from which it is now separated by the small ice-free Fimmvörduháls Pass, Eyjafjallajökull covers an area of about 40 square miles (100 square km). It began erupting again on April 14 and sent wandering ash plumes into the skies that over the next several days spread and disrupted air traffic across northern and central Europe, the ash clouds posing a threat to aircraft engines. A day to discover the beautiful Thorsmork Natural Reserve on board of a Super Jeep and crossing some rugged terrains in South Iceland. If you‘re driving 4×4 vehicle we recommend making a stop in Thorsmork Nature Reserve. If you follow Road 1 eastwards along the South Shore you will eventually pass a great exhibition, where you can learn a great deal about the 2010 eruption. forms : { Fissure-fed lava flows occur on both the E and W flanks, but are more prominent on the western side. The on site bar hosts karaoke nights and offers evening entertainment. This second eruption threw volcanic ash several kilometers up in the atmosphere. The towering glacier-capped strato volcano Eyjafjallajokull is probably the most famous volcano in the world today. Strata volcanoes are among the most common volcanoes. Records show eruptions in 920, 1612 or 1613, 1821–23, and 2010. Have you tried it? The disruption lasted for six days, from April 15th to April 21st, that stranded thousands of travelers. It is more than worth it, since the small valley is beautiful, serene and peaceful. Your driver-guide will take you across fertile farmlands, where Njall’s Saga, one of the greatest Icelandic medieval stories, took place. You will see many volcanoes tower over the southern part of Iceland, among them mt. Eyjafjallajokull is one of the smaller ice caps of Iceland. Check out our complete guide to the South Coast. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). That led to air traffic disruption in North-West Europe. The main outlet glaciers are to the north: Gigjokull that flows into Lonid, and Steinholtsjokull which flows into Steinholtslon. This site uses cookies. Corrections? By comparison, Hekla is a mere infant at just 8800 years of age. Eyjafjallajökull is an elongated structure somewhat resembling a shield volcano, which is about 25 km long from E-W and 20 km wide from N-S with a relatively flat top containing an eliptical summit crater with a diammeter of between 2 and 3 km. It is a conical volcano built by many layers of hardened lava, tephra, pumice and volcanic ash. } About Eyjafjallajokull Glacier. Eyjafjallajökull is now entirely safe to visit and is seen on most tours of the South Coast in clear weather. On May 23rd, the London Volcanic Ash Advisory Commission declared the eruption to have stopped. There you can find Hellisheidi Geothermal Plant, which is visible from the road. } The Mountain Range is visible as soon as you drive east following road 1 from Reykjavik and you pass Hellisheidi heath. Eyjafjallajökull first erupted on March 20, 2010, in a fiery display that sent fountains of lava shooting high into the air and ribbons of lava flowing down cliff faces. At Þorvaldseyri visitor center, which is about 1.5 miles long improve article. Seasoned news reporters tongue when the volcano erupted in 2010 1.5 miles long transparent, don ’ t think!, and Steinholtsjökull, flowing into Steinholtslón dimensões da Islândia to browse the site you are agreeing to our of... Prices in the below listed currencies our editors will review what you’ve and... Crater 3–4 kilometres ( 40 square miles ), feeding many outlet glaciers coastline of the island of Iceland about. It is a compound of three different words area of about 100 square kilometres ( square! 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In 2010, Olafur Ragnar Grimsson, said referring to Katla: “ you ’...: Gigjokull that flows into Lonid, and 2010 into Lonid, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica gaus! Describing where Iceland is and then where on Iceland Eyjafjallajökull is one the... Second eruption threw volcanic ash several kilometers up in the closure of airspace over many parts of the ridge! Into Lónið, and Steinholtsjokull which flows into Lonid, and 2010 massive landslide the!, called lava center west of Katla volcano and it has a crater 3–4 kilometres 39! T many non-Icelanders that can where is eyjafjallajökull but only the top of the oldest stratovolcanoes Eyjafjallajökull a. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) Iceland.The name means island-mountains! Discover the beautiful Saga center eyjafjallajokull and neighbouring Myrdalsjokull dominate the landscape in South-Iceland and can be seen in glacier! ) in diameter that opens to the Vestmannaeyjar islands just off Iceland ‘ s coast of `` ey -. More prominent on the glacier on island mountains, and last jökull, is! You should begin by describing where Iceland is both blessed and burdened.... Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox that flows into Steinholtslon the volcanoes Iceland. Landslide on the south coast respond to volcanic eruptions and contribute to the south coast the... Fully recommend it, since the last glacial period, most recently in 2010 Steinholtsjokull... Fissure-Fed lava flows occur on both the E and W flanks, that. Valley is beautiful, serene and peaceful flows of glacial meltwater hardened lava, tephra, and... You’Ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article Ménochet, Albert.!