VA Dept. The male catkins (staminate) are cylindrical in shape and feature a bright yellow color whereas the female catkins (pistillate) or mostly green in color. However, although cottonwoods are a type of hardwood trees, their wood is relatively soft and fibrous. A towering native, a cottonwood tree soars and spreads, growing more than 100 feet tall and almost as wide. Cottonwood (Populus tremula) is a common tree species across the Midwest.Near rivers, streams and lakes it provides many benefits such as stabilizing river banks and providing wildlife habitat; however, cottonwood also can be considered an invasive species (i.e., weed), as it is characterized by vigorous colonization of areas. Cottonwoods can be found in three different types. Rio Grande cottonwoods (Populous deltoides wislizeni) occur in Texas, Colorado and New Mexico. Here we … Other common names for populous heterophylla include downy poplar, river cottonwood and swamp poplar. But if you want to revive memories of the great ancestors or are just looking for something impressive to plant in your backyard, growing cottonwoods can be a unique way to go about it. The cottonwood—also known as the poplar—is a tall tree with a spreading crown, named for its cotton-like seeds. This type of cottonwood tree is native to Europe but has spread to various other parts of the world including Asia, Africa and different areas in the US, particularly those in the west. Description: This is the cottonwood of desert waterholes and watercourses. Compared to other types of cottonwood, the black poplar has a bit of stunted growth, reaching a maximum of only 90 to 95 feet high on an average. Read on to learn more. The Fremont Cottonwood is a cottonwood native to North America, growing in riparian areas near streams, rivers, and wetlands in the southwestern part of the United States, and downwards into Mexico. Narrowleaf Cottonwood (Populus angustifolia) • Medium-sized tree with narrow, rounded crown, up to 60 feet in height with trunk diameters from 1 to 2 feet. Their incredible growth rate coupled with low-maintenance needs makes them ideal for creating an urban jungle. During early spring, the female species produce sleek and slender, cylindrical flowers called catkins. Native to various parts of North America and western Asia, cottonwoods share many similarities with other poplars such as aspens and balsams. Cottonwood trees are commonly used as street trees in various parts of the world given that the environmental conditions are suitable for their growth. It’s a cherished shade tree, often planted in parks. However, you can easily distinguish Fremont’s cottonwood by looking at the leaf structure. The bark of cottonwood trees is very suitable for carvings and is valuable for artisans. This makes it suitable for manufacturing cheap but sufficiently strong items such as shipping crates and pallet boxes. Denver is home to a myriad of cottonwood trees. This species adapts to most soil types and is overall a very low-maintenance tree. Sixty percent of passerine species breeding in the west do so primarily in riparian areas. The leaves feature a lively green color in the summer season and turn a bright yellow when autumn arrives. Fremont Cottonwood (Populus fremontii ssp. Cottonwood Tree Species Commonly Found In Denver. Moreover, these are areas where the trees grow naturally. Cottonwoods trees have distinct male and female species and the ability to produce seeds is limited to the females only. Native to North America, the eastern cottonwood got its name due to its huge popularity in the eastern states but it also grows throughout the central and southwestern states as well. So let’s find out what each species has in store and why you would choose one over the other. Cottonwood trees are popular with homeowners because of their relatively quick growth when compared to other tree species that grow in the same climate, such as cedar, mulberry, and oak trees. Juglans cinerea. We also include the uses as well as lots of other information that will help you appreciate what a marvel these trees truly are. Populus deltoides – eastern cottonwood (eastern North America) Populus fremontii – Fremont cottonwood (western North America) Populus nigra – black poplar (Europe), placed here by nuclear DNA; cpDNA places it in sect. Plus, the edges of Fremont’s leaves are less serrated. From the roots and trunks to the leaves and fruits, the locals used different parts of these trees for various purposes to satisfy different needs. In comparison to the eastern variety, the leaves of Fremont’s cottonwood are relatively small. Hibiscus tiliaceus is a species of flowering tree in the mallow family, Malvaceae, that is native to the Old World tropics. trichocarpa - Black Cottonwood Populus deltoides W. Bartram ex Marshall - Eastern Cottonwood Of all the different types of cottonwoods, Fremont’s variety is the most common for ornamental purposes. It is easy to confuse both the varieties owing to immense similarities in their seed pods and flowers. The U.S. alone has 11 species. Cottonwood trees have long triangular-shaped leaves that measure up to 6 inches each and with a growth rate of almost 6 feet every year, they can easily reach heights of 40 meters (approx 130 feet) or more when completely matured. Ongoing studies focus on rivers of the Upper Missouri Basin and the Tarim River in China. Black Walnut 16. Fremont’s cottonwoods put up a spectacular show of colors as soon as summer ends and autumn begins. Its leaves have fine teethed corners and can be triangular in shape or sometimes also come close to resembling a diamond shape. Hence, it is commonly called the Chinese necklace poplar as well. Sought after for their shade and protection, these trees also have an ornamental quality. We have pioneered the use of cottonwood, a dominant riparian species, for tree ring analysis; this is a significant advance in arid regions where old trees of other species are scarce. Lanceleaf trees are hardy in USDA hardiness zones 3 to 9 as they prefer full exposure to sunlight. The mighty cottonwood tree that you see in parks, next to ponds and rivers have two main species. From the gigantic cottonwood trees, the early communities found food for their livestock and timber for their dwellings. Order a book online today or contact us at 405-522-6158. Lanceleaf is a hybrid variety (populus x acuminata). It is a large tree growing from 12-35 meters in height, with a trunk up to 1.5 meter diameter. Now that you know how to identify different types of cottonwood trees, try counting them the next time you go on a drive or hike in the wilds. Cottonwoods (Populus deltoids) are massive shade trees that grow naturally throughout the United States. Juglans nigra. Cottonwood claims 25 species around the world, from the Himalayan Mountains to the plateaus of Chile. Dugout canoes were produced from the trunks while the trees themselves doubled as landmarks and trail markers for the natives and travelers alike. Black cottonwoods thrive best in moist soils and open areas that allow it to grow rapidly. • Usually occurs with Redosier dogwood (Cornus sericea) and alder (Alnus species). It also thrives in floodplains and dry riverbeds, where infrequent rains transform dry land into waterways. It occurs throughout the eastern United States, parts of southern Canada, and northern Mexico. Species info will be truncated to … These trees are native to North America, Western Asia, and Europe. This tree also has a combination of undesirable root characteristics: Its root system is aggressive, shallow, and rather pliant, which makes the tree very unstable. From lush green to pale yellow followed by bright orange and sometimes even intense red, these cottonwoods are a sight to behold. The leaves of this cottonwood variety look like a lance-like form, which is where the species got its name from. They have lustrous, bright green foliage in summer that changes to brilliant yellow in fall. You will also find them in playgrounds and on similar recreation sites owing to the fact that they provide good shade and shelter. You can recognize them at a distance by their broad, white trunks. Eastern Cottonwood is the state tree of Kansas and Nebraska, and is sometimes called the pioneer of the prairie; pioneers on the Oregon Trail would look for such trees, as their shade and firewood was a welcome respite, and their presence usually meant that water was nearby. Read on for more cottonwood tree facts. We also use downscaled climate projections and watershed models to predict changes in flow and tree growth resulting from human-induced climate change. fremontii) This champion Fremont Cottonwood of Arizona made its debut on the National Register of Champion Trees in 2018. None-the-less, they are all members of the same genus, Populus . Mature trees develop a pyramidal shape with thick green foliage that turns into bright yellow as autumn arrives. Forest Trees of Oklahoma by Dr. Elbert L. Little for $4.00. Plains cottonwoods (Populous deltoides monilifera) are found in Nebraska, Kansas, and Wyoming. These trees are used for their timber which is used to make storage furniture such as boxes, crates, etc. Extending well up to southern Canada and northeast Mexico, the eastern cottonwood is an enormous tree that features a minimum height of 65 feet and a trunk that is at least 5 meters wide. They are also a dominant feature in forests where they provide food and shelter for the animals and birds. Eastern cottonwoods are often divided into further subspecies based on the location where they are found. of Forestry: Common Native Trees of VA ... Eastern Cottonwood Populus deltoides deltoides. Part of the deciduous tree family, all four common varieties of cottonwoods in Denver grow to 45 ft or taller at maturity. Cottonwood trees are as much a staple of life in Denver as the Broncos, the Platte, and shoveling out of a spring snowstorm. Populus grandidentata. Related Species: White Poplar (Populus alba) In the wild, cottonwood grows along rivers, ponds and other bodies of water. The canopy spreads to cover an area of almost 75 feet in width whereas the diameter of the trunk itself can expand to over 6 feet when full-grown. Quick fact: A single eastern cottonwood tree can release over 40 million seeds in a season and if conditions are ideal, has the potential to live almost 300 years! The Tulip Tree (Liriodendron tulipifera) Discover the different types of Tulip trees here. These are narrow-leaf cottonwoods and plains cottonwoods. Black cottonwood tree features a conical shape and looks simply spectacular standing upright in all its green glory. It is the largest known tree of its species in the country as reported to American Forests. The leaves of the eastern cottonwood are almost 4 inches long, are roughly toothed and have curvy edges with a flattened base. These trees are hardy from zone 2 to 9 and are a common sight in New York, occurring all the way to Minnesota and areas near the Gulf of Mexico. So, the next time you are relaxing under a big tree in a park, look up – it might be a cottonwood. 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