It has a fibrous root system, rather than the long tap root and woody crown found in other native species, and it is more adaptable to garden conditions and more forgiving of dividing and transplanting. This plant’s leaves are green and do not exhibit any color change during the fall. Cauline leaves are slightly heart-shaped at the base. Various parts of this plant are used for making herbal infusions, which help strengthen the immune system. Cut coneflowers down to the ground purely as an aesthetic choice. Vivid and vigorous, this attractive coneflower is really worthy of interest with its long lasting blooms and its tolerance of almost everything. Outstanding for attracting butterflies. [online] Available at:, (4) Highly-valued as ornamentals, purple coneflowers radiate beautiful blooms that give colors to home gardens and commercial landscapes. Unlike most purple coneflowers with drooping ray petal-like flowers, the Magnus variety has flat rays. These are believed to be quite effective in fighting against bacterial and viral infections. The stencils and pollen.. Purple Coneflower (Echinacea purpurea) will survive in gardens by spreading seed. Because of their beauty and growth habit, purple coneflowers are often planted in groups for entranceways, perennial beds, naturalized prairie, or woodlands. Fast grower to 3 feet tall, clump forming. CHECK AVAILABILITY. Keep the plants deadheaded, and you'll keep getting more flowers. Pinnate venation on the surface is evident, along with the leaves’ serrated margins (3). PURPLE CONEFLOWER Echinacea angustifolia SUNFLOWER FAMILY (Asteraceae) Description This native perennial has upright stems 1-2 feet tall covered with short, bristly hairs (A,B). The genus Echinacea in the Asteraceae family comprises nine species of flowering plants. Three plant parts of purple coneflower were used in the study: extracts from roots, flowers, and leaves were obtained using three different solvents (100% and 40% ethanol and water). Well, if you’re a coneflower fan, you’ve come to the right place. cup of thyme tea, dried chamomile and immortelle.. Each leaf is deep green and up to 6 inches long. Coneflowers can be ideally combined with other perennials, including vegetables, herbs, lavender, garlic, asters, purple loosestrife, monkshood, globe thistle, phlox, larkspur and various spring flowers. They are drought tolerant but instead of the long taproots found in many prairie plants which grow deep into the soils in search of … Each flower remains in bloom for several weeks. ‘Avalanche’ purple coneflower is a patented coneflower variety bred by AB-Cultivars in The Netherlands. It was an All American Selection Award Winner for all flowering plants in 2010. Some of the varieties are known … The indigenous people and tribes of the Great Plains are one of the known groups that recognize the medicinal values of the Echinacea plants. Verbena is a beautiful plant that produces small purple blooms all summer long. It has been known since early settlers arrived, and for many … [online] Available at:, (3) Echinacea is native only to North America, and can be found mostly in the central to eastern regions of the continent. Matured flowers reach up to 3 to 4 inches in diameter, with drooping pale lime to white ray florets and a large, emerald green central cone. I'm finding holes in my purple coneflower leaves. Genus Echinacea are erect, clump-forming rhizomatous perennials with simple or pinnately lobed leaves and solitary, long-stalked daisies with prominent conical central disks and often drooping ray florets; attractive to butterflies Unlike its cousins which are native to the prairies and dryer regions of the US, purple coneflowers are native to the moister eastern woodlands. Individual leaves are 4 to 8 inches long. You can even find a green variety, if that’s your thing. This dwarf coneflower grows in an upright clump about 15 to 18 inches in height. The seeds germinate best with some cold stratification. The ‘Magnus’ purple coneflower is an award-winning ornamental known for its giant rosy-pink flowers. Showy pinkish-purple, daisy-like blooms make the perennial purple coneflower (Echinacea purpurea) easy to identify. Purple Coneflower is an herbaceous perennial in the aster family that is native to central and eastern USA. Native Americans used the roots of coneflowers to make medicines, and modern herbalists continue to use this extract, called “Echinacea” after the genus name, for treating the common cold and other ailments. Perfect for both small gardens and large prairie meadows, the showy flowers are a favorite nectar source for butterflies, bees and myriad pollinators, including hummingbirds. Petals often droop down in an attractive way. They are rough to the touch. These plants are upright and coarse-textured, which blends well with fine-textured perennials in a mixed border. One best choice for warm climates is the ‘Green Envy’ purple coneflower. Established plantings of purple coneflower can easily be divided to get new plants. Mature plants reach up to 40 inches tall and spread up to 28 inches. Below are some of the most popular purple coneflower cultivars. The purple coneflower is in the Asteraceae family along with daisies and a number of other flowering plants. Then, take them out and plant as you normally would. Native Introduced Native and Introduced E. purpurea (Eastern Purple Coneflower) has flowers similar to E. angustifolia but broader and shorter lanceolate leaves all the way up the stem. In summer plants are crowned by lovely daisy-like flowers with bold reddish central cones and … It is said to stimulate the immune system -for instance, you might take it when you feel a cold coming on–and it is available in the supplement aisle of almost any grocery store. PLANT DESCRIPTION: Echinacea purpurea is an upright perennial that branches occasionally. Another distinguishing characteris- The alternate upper leaves become scarce and progressively smaller above. Marie Iannotti is an author, photographer, and speaker with 27 years of experience as a Cornell Cooperative Extension Horticulture Educator and Master Gardener. I have seen June bugs and grapevine beetles around my house, but don't see these on the plants. Coneflower's daisy-like flower is actually made up of several small flowers. Once established, they are rugged and hardy. Show Reviews They are hardy, drought-tolerant, and long-blooming, and they are being cultivated in an ever-widening range of colors. Harvest flowers and leaves throughout the summer months and plant roots during autumn. Store the dried coneflowers & leaves in a sealed container in a cool, dark & dry place until use. An ethnobotanical guide. Its individual flowers (florets) within the flower head are hermaphroditic, having both male and female organs in each flower. They make great additions to garden beds and borders, naturalized areas, prairies, and wildflower gardens. This perennial herb typically grows about 0.5 to 2 ft in height from a woody rhizome. Purple coneflower, or Echinacea purpurea, is by far the most popular variety of coneflower. They resemble the traditional coneflowers with their attractive purple-pink blooms and copper-orange cone except that they are shorter in height (5).